Civilian casualties is a military term describing deaths or injuries of civilians or non-combatant persons. This term applies regardless of whether the action is direct or unintentional. In some cases, it may be considered a war crime.

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Mexican War (1810-1821)- 450,000
Civil War (1861-1865)- 50,000
Spanish American War (1898)- 26 (Spanish losses)
Philippine American War (1898-1902)- 200,000 (Philippine loss by disease/hunger)
World War II- USSR 19 million- Chinese 10 million- European Jews 6 million (Victims of occupation and mass murder.)
Korean War (1950-1953)- 5 American
Vietnam War (1964-1973)- South 289,000- North 298,000
Operation Desert Storm (1991)- 1,140 Iraq
War in Iraq- 50,000 to over 100,000 (under-reported)

From these numbers, it can be said that there is a connection between the animosity of the war and the results in civilian casualties. Of course it also depends on the situations and the countries. For example, the Japanese was at its peak of power and control in the east during WWII, resulting in the Chinese casualties.

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In World War II, the estimated total of civilian deaths was 47 million. Due to extermination, bombing and famine, the death toll in some countries was astronomical. With the addition of military deaths, Poland lost 18% of it's population. Over 16 million civilians died in China due to famine and other indirect influences of the war.
Sometimes, civilian areas were targeted for bombing. Both sides caused hundreds of thousands of civilian death due to bombing cities, factories, and other strategic areas where civilians were.

We are civilians. Civilians are just the regular people in a country, but make up a large percent of the death toll in a war. The civilians are usually just trying to make it through while their governments and soldiers do the fighting. Though they stay out of the conflict does not mean they are safe. Civilian deaths also leave more children without parents and jobs without workers.

Info and WWII Deaths chart from:
World War II Casualties[]