Genocide is the deliberate and systematic destruction of an ethnic, religious or national group.

Timeline of Genocides in history.
  • Starting when Christopher Columbus arrived in America and massacred the Sioux Indians in 1490.
  • Conquest of the Desert was a military operation to kill the indegenous people by the general Julio Argentino Roca in the 1870's. Argentina
  • Black War- Conflict between British colonists and Tasmanian Aborigines. The British killed a lot of the Tasmanian Aboigines. The numbers went from 8000 Tasmanian in 1803 to 300 in 1833.
  • //Herero and Namaqua Genocide//- took place in german south-west africa 1904-1907. Herero was the first ethnic group to be subject to genocide in the 20th century. 80% of the total Herero population was killed. Lothar Van Trotha led the massacre.
  • British Ireland- War of Three Kingdoms-new model army vs. royalists
  • Nazi Germany and the Holocaust-killing 6 million jews during WWII
  • Bombing of Hiroshima and Nagasaki- also considered acts of genocide
  • Rwanda- 930000 Tutsis were killed by Hutus using machetes
  • Sudanese war- janjaweed militia killing 80 african groups from the Darfur region
There are so many genocides that it could create 50 novels worth but these are some of them. The genocides are horrible occurances and so many deaths occur.


The Holocaust
  • August 1934-Hitler became Fuehrer-Nazis army swore personal loyalty to him and he ruled without parliament
  • Nazi’s forced Jews into Ghetto’s
  • Hitler organized Einstazgruppen- mobile killing squads
    • Firing squads used to mass murder Polish Jews and gypsies
    • Psychological toll lead to mobile gassing chambers
      • Special air-tight vans with CO
  • Concentration Camps
    • Jews from ghetto’s used as slave labor
    • POW’s used as slave labor
    • Many died due to starvation and exhaustion
    • Example- Auschwitz, Mathausen, Bergen-Belsen
  • Death Camps
    • Systematic extermination of Jews
    • Zyklon B gas cheapest and most efficient
    • Treblinka, Auschwitz-Birkenau
      • 6,000 Jews gassed per day
  • Death Marches
    • 1944-As allied forces advanced, Nazi’s evacuated Jews
      • Nazi’s shipped prisoners on exposed rail cars or marches
    • Ordered to kill anyone who fell behind
  • Death Totals
    • Estimated 6 million Jews died
    • Total estimated at 9-11 million perished
Why should we worry about Genocide in other parts of the world...
When the Nazis came for the communists,
I remained silent;
I was not a communist.

When they locked up the social democrats,
I remained silent;
I was not a social democrat.

When they came for the trade unionists
I did not speak out;
I was not a trade unionist.

When they came for the Jews,
I remained silent;
I wasn't a Jew.

When they came for me,
there was no one left to speak out.
-Martin Niemoller

http://www.ushmm.org/education/forstudents/
Wanted poster for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
Wanted poster for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Genocides_in_history#Timeline_of_genocides_and_alleged_genocides
Wanted poster for the International Criminal Tribunal for Rwanda
external image bel427.jpgexternal image hitler_fuhrer.jpghttp://www.firstworldwar.com/features/graphics/hitler_fuhrer.jpgexternal image genocide.rwanda11.jpg